0-9
A
Affective smartphone-based detector (TeNDER tool)
This tool will apply advanced deep learning techniques to ‘read’ relevant patient features (i.e., general, facial, speech, and/or behavioural). The software will run on smartphone devices and it help users identify mood changes (e.g., depression), which may signal a deterioration in symptoms.
Assistive Technology (AT)
Any device, software programme, or digital system that helps increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of the elderly and people with disabilities. Assistive technology is an indispensable tool in the provision of medical care for prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation.
B
Binary sensors
gather information from devices that register return values of either 1 or 0; e.g., switches. In the context of TeNDER, binary sensors will be used to determine whether or not a door has been left open.
C
Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs)
An umbrella term for disorders of the heart and blood vessels, which can have consequences such as strokes and heart attacks, among others.*

* Source: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/cardiovascular-diseases-(cvds).
Co-creation
The term itself hints at its main goal, co-creation involves users in all stages of the development or design of a product, system, and/or service.

Read more about co-creation in the context of TeNDER.
Comorbidity/Multi-morbidity
Both refer to the presence of multiple co-occurring illnesses or diseases, except that in the case of comorbidity, there is a primary condition.
D
Data analysis and personalised recommendations (TeNDER service)
Using data analysis, TeNDER will provide personalised feedback to support the patient in living a safe, healthy, and independent life.
Dementia
Dementia is not a single disease; it’s an umbrella term — like heart disease — that covers a wide range of specific health conditions. One of the most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s Disease.*

The diseases grouped under the term ‘dementia’ are caused by abnormal brain changes. These changes trigger a decline in thinking skills, also known as cognitive abilities, severe enough to impair one’s daily life and independent living. They also affect behaviour, feelings and relationships. Read more about current statistics and the symptoms here.

For detailed information about Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia click here.

* Source: https://www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/.
E
F
G
General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
One of the most important sources for data protection in the EU. The GDPR harmonises the rules related to data protection across Europe, while leaving room for Member States to adopt their own (complementary or stricter) national rules in certain areas.*

Article 1 sets out the GDPR’s two main objectives, namely i) to protect fundamental rights and freedoms of persons, in particular their right to the protection of personal data, and ii) the free movement of personal data within the EU. These are the overarching principles that should always be taken into consideration in the application of the GDPR.

Read more about data protection and why it matters.

* Source: EU Regulation 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation), see https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj.
H
Health band
Health bands are worn on the wrist and digitally record basic vitals.
Horizon 2020 – Horizon Europe
Horizon 2020 (H2020) is the latest cycle of the European Union’s Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020). It funds cross-border research projects, fundamental research, innovation, and the science that helps address societal challenges, among other things. Horizon Europe is H2020’s successor, set to launch in 2021.
I
Integrated care
is a broad term that describes how health and social care delivery can be linked and/or coordinated to address issues such as fragmentation and miscommunication, among others.

To learn more about integrated care and to consult additional resources click here.
Interface
In the context of this project, it is the medium through which humans interact and communicate with a computer system. In TeNDER, interfaces include tablets, smartphones, and computers, as well as different types of software.
Interoperability
Interoperability is, succinctly, “the ability of different systems, devices and applications to exchange and make use of information.”*

There are a myriad of useful devices, networks and platforms, but even when there is a high offer of all of these components, if they do not speak the same language, they will not be able to work together and create an efficient smart system.

Interoperability and standardisation are what allow software developers and managers, for instance, to get contextual information from different sources and operate with the purpose of optimising different services collectively. They can manage multiple applications through well-defined interfaces and without being tied to a particular vendor or technology.

Read more about interoperability in the context of TeNDER.

* Source: https://www.himss.org/resources/interoperability-healthcare.
J
K
L
Legal awareness system (TeNDER service)
This component will certify and guarantee that all data shared among TeNDER actors is GDPR compliant.
M
Monitoring, warning, and reporting system (TeNDER service)
The safety of patients depends highly on the detection of unforeseen situations or potential hazards. Depending on the context, TeNDER will warn patients of dangers and inform responsible persons. The system will also generate reports for patients, caregivers and professionals.
N
O
P
Parkinson’s Disease (PD)
is a progressive condition that affects the nerve cells in the brain that control movement. Although Parkinson’s disease cannot be cured, medications are often used to help improve symptoms, which vary in severity during the early and late stages. Click here for more information on the prevalence of PD and associated symptoms.

Read about our partner Asociación Párkinson Madrid’s and how they adapted to COVID-19-related restrictions.

* Source: https://www.epda.eu.com/about-parkinsons/what-is-parkinsons/.
Pathway tracking (TeNDER service)
This service will analyse patients’ non-clinical activities, providing all participants with relevant information to optimise time management and patient care.
Patient, caregiver, and medical personnel communications (TeNDER service)
This service will facilitate the exchange of relevant information, which is essential to optimise treatment, ensure safety, and support the patient’s independence.
Q
Quality of Life assessment (TeNDER service)
The quality of life of patients and caregivers (formal and informal), and the working conditions of health and social care professionals, will be assessed using questionnaires before and after each pilot.
R
RGB-depth sensor
is a sensor that provides both color and dense depth 3D images.

* The use of such technologies will be regulated according to EU and national Data Protection and Ethical rules, and closely monitored by the project’s Legal Awareness System.
Rigidity
A symptom of Parkinson’s Disease, rigidity refers to muscle stiffness that may occur in any part of the body; it may be painful and limit the patient’s range of motion.*

* Source: Mayo Clinic.
S
Social Services matching (TeNDER service)
This tool will centralise treatment information, exercise recommendations, and other important non-medical services (for example, on daily needs, from cleaning to household administration, shopping, occasional travel, etc.). It will be available to local care providers and patients. This will give users the resources to make informed decisions about the services that best fit their needs, as well as control over their day-to-day wellbeing.
Sundowning syndrome
A symptom of dementia, sundowning refers to state of confusion that occurs late in the afternoon and may extend into the night.*

* Source: Mayo Clinic.
T
U
V
Virtual Assistant system
A system that performs tasks or provides services for users. The system’s actions and responses are based on data, commands, and/or questions.
W
Wireless tracking
uses GPS to track the location of a person or an object remotely.

* The use of such technologies will be regulated according to EU and national Data Protection and Ethical rules, and closely monitored by the project’s Legal Awareness System.
X
Y
Z